CNBC

US exports record amount of gasoline

By Patti Domm | CNBC – Wed, Oct 26, 2016 20:06 BST


The U.S. has quietly been increasing exports of gasoline to record levels, and that is one factor that
could be helping reduce the nation's oil glut on the margin.


Last week, the U.S. exported about 5.7 million barrels of gasoline, possibly a record. The 811,000
barrels a day reported is nearly twice the amount exported at the same time last year and almost a
third more than was exported a week earlier, according to the U.S. Energy Information
Administration.


The data was revealed in a weekly government oil and gasoline inventory report. Crude futures
temporarily rose after the report showed a surprise drawdown in U.S. oil supplies of 553,000 barrels
to 468.2 million barrels. Analysts had expected a build in supply of more than 2 million barrels.


Gasoline supplies fell by nearly 2 million barrels and distillates, largely diesel fuel, dropped by 3.4
million barrels. The drawdown in products is also seen as a bullish sign for crude, since one of the
factors weighing on oil has been a glut of refined products.


West Texas Intermediate oil futures had been flirting with $49 per barrel, a key technical support
level, but rose as high as $50 after the report. WTI settled at $49.18 per barrel Wednesday afternoon,
a decline of 1.6 percent on the day.


"It's Mexico, Mexico, Mexico and Latin America. I guarantee that's what it is," said Tom Kloza, of Oil
Price Information Service. Analysts said Mexico has boosted its imports of U.S. refined gasoline,
largely because its refineries are less efficient and are running at about 50 percent capacity.


"Gasoline exports are a quietly stunning story of autumn, 2015," said Kloza. "It's been a theme this
autumn and I think it's going to be a theme that continues into 2017."


Analysts had expected a build in oil inventories and a smaller draw in refined product inventories.
Oil was under pressure early Wednesday, in part because American Petroleum Institute data
Tuesday showed a build of 4.8 million barrels for the same period. Crude was also lower on fading
hopes that OPEC producers will reach a deal with Russia and other producers to curb output.
The government's weekly data showed refineries increased capacity utilization by 0.6 point to 85.6
percent.


"It's good news for the refiners because both gasoline and distillate inventories dropped far more
than the market anticipated. That is going to help refining margins in a difficult period," said Andrew
Lipow, president of Lipow Oil Associates.


"There was a significant amount of gasoline exports in the country. We're exporting probably a
record amount of gasoline for this time of year and that is helping keep inventories under control
and probably the biggest reason we're seeing these robust exports is due to refining problems in
Mexico."


Kloza said the exports to Latin America are also because of continued problems at Petroleos de
Venezuela, or PDVSA. That situation and the loss of refining capacity with the closure of a major
refinery in St. Croix several years ago means gasoline will continue to flow from Texas and Louisiana
refineries, south to Latin America.


Kloza said Mexico alone could be importing more than 500,000 barrels a day from U.S. companies.
U.S. refiners supplied 9.1 million barrels of gasoline a day for the U.S. market last week.


The U.S. also produced 8.5 million barrels a day of crude oil, up slightly from the week earlier level
but well below the 9.1 million barrels produced at the same time last year. Oil imports into the U.S.
totaled about 7 million barrels, slightly above 6.9 million barrels the week earlier but below the fourweek
average of 7.3 million barrels a day.


"We've been below trend for a while," said John Kilduff of Again Capital. He said the U.S. had been
importing about 8 million barrels a day and as much as 10 million barrels in recent years. Lower
imports also help reduce U.S. oil inventories.


"I expect it to correct back. I don't expect that to persist particularly as our refineries start to come
out of maintenance as they've already started to," he said. The September through November period
is known as the shoulder season for refineries, which undergo seasonal maintenance ahead of
production of winter fuels.


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